Friday, 25 September 2009

EM Derivatives

Introduction

Effective Microorganisms (EM) are a mixed cultures of beneficial microorganisms. They are applied into soil or plants to increase their microbial diversity so as to improve soil health, and the growth, yield and quality of the plants.

Benefits of EM applications
  1. Improve soil structure ( soil aggregation, water holding capability, increase alkalinity)
  2. Improve photosynthesis ability of plants
  3. Enhance seed germination, growth, maturity, flowering, fruiting and ripening
  4. Hasten decomposition (fermentation) of organic matters
  5. Remove odour of animal dungs or organic matter used in organic fertilizer
  6. Control or suppress pests and soil-borne diseases
  7. Reduce re-planting problem
Application of Effective Microorganisms (EM) Technology

To start an organic farm/plantation or manufacture organic products, knowing how to culture and apply the effective microorganisms (EM) technology is an advantage.

The following EM derivatives:

  1. EM Stock ( This is a concentrated culture of effective microorganisms) ;
  2. EMAS ( Effective Microorganisms Activated Solution - a solution which consisted of clean water which have been added with some EM Stock to allow the effective microorganisms to multiply ) ;
  3. FPJ ( Fermented Plant Juice which is a supplement of vitamins, hormones and enzymes which helps to prevent pests and disease of the plants and soil. It also fortifies microbial activities in the leaves and soil) ;
  4. FFJ ( Fermented Fruit Juice which helps to promote flowering and fruiting );
  5. FFA ( Fermented Fish which is a foliar feed that provides Nitrogen/Amino acid for plants and promotes photosynthetic bacterias activities ) ;
  6. FPE ( Fermented Plant Extract which is extracted from a mixture of herbs to be used as insecticide or insect repellents ) ;
  7. CaP ( Calcium Phosphate for promoting growth and fruits )
  8. EM5 ( Effective Microorganisms insecticide and repellent to prevent disease and pests problems in plants and animals ) ;
  9. BOKASHI ( There are many types of bokashi. They are compost and fertilizer lump together to be mixed with soil for planting vegetables and fruit trees. Most bokashi are produced by fermenting manure and recycled organic wastes. They contain most of the nutrients for plant growth ).
Producing the above EM derivatives can help farmers or planters to :
  1. save up to 50% of their operational cost ;
  2. increase their crop yield by more than 25% ;
  3. produce organic vegetables and fruits ;
  4. fetch better price for their crops ;
  5. prevent themselves from exposure to chemicals, pesticides and herbicides ;
  6. prevent leaching of fertilizer in their farms/plantations ;
  7. enrich and condition their land ;
  8. increase more microbial activities in their land ;
  9. balance the ecosystem in their land ;
  10. save the environment by not using chemicals.


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